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PR10585 - German Politicians (9) Exclusive Figure Set
O Scale Wargaming Architectural Narrow Gauge Tools+

Preiser 10585 German Politicians (9) Exclusive Figure Set

Only £22.00 Currently in stock & available to ship
Brand: Preiser
Part Number: 10585
Scale / Type: HO / OO Scales
Our Code: PR10585

Otto Grotewohl 11 March 1894 - 21 September 1964) was a German politician and prime minister of the German Democratic Republic from 1949 until his death. Grotewohl was born in the city of Braunschweig and after World War I started his political career as a leader of the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD) and minister in the Free State of Brunswick. In 1922 Grotewohl with the majority of the USPD members joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and from 1925 was a member of the Reichstag parliament. Dismissed after the Nazi Machtergreifung in 1933 he was imprisoned several times. After World War II he became a leader of the SPD in the Soviet occupation zone of Germany and, fiercely opposed by chairman Kurt Schumacher, led his party into a merger with the Communist Party under Wilhelm Pieck. Grotewohl, after initial hesitation, yielded to the pressure by the Soviet Military Administration and Walter Ulbricht and in April 1946 together with Pieck formed the new Socialist Unity Party (SED). With the establishment of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) on 7 October 1949, Grotewohl became the first Ministerpräsident (prime minister), while Wilhem Pieck held the office of the state president. With the creation of the Council of Ministers (Ministerrat) government of the GDR in November 1954, Grotewohl also became the first chairman of the Council, while retaining the title of Ministerpräsident. The actual power holder however was Walter Ulbricht, General Secretary of the governing SED Central Committee from 1950 on. In a major speech to an SED party conference on 28 March 1956, Grotewohl condemned abuses in the legal system. He denounced illegal arrests, called for more respect for civil rights, and even asked the parliament to develop lively debate. He also made a veiled criticism of Justice Minister Hilde Benjamin's handling of political cases which had been notoriously brutal. In 1960 he was diagnosed with leukemia, from which he died on 21 September 1964. He was not fully active in his post after 1961, when he began receiving medical treatment in the Soviet Union. He was awarded the Order of Karl Marx, the GDR's highest decoration, in 1952. After his death, the Wilhelmstrasse in East Berlin was renamed Otto-Grotewohl-Straße in his honor; the street retained this name until 1991, following German reunification. On 15 April 1986, the present-day Mohrenstraße U-Bahn station in eastern Berlin, then known as the Thälmannplatz station, was also renamed Otto-Grotewohl-Straße. The Third German School in Chapayesky Lane, Moscow, was named Otto Grotewohl School. Grotewohl at last lived in no. 48 Majakowskiring street in the Pankow borough of East Berlin. He had a son named Hans

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